Manufacturer: Unknown.  Distributor: Instant Gifts International
Model: Blacklite Bulb
Application: Visual Effects - Fluorescence
Wattage: 60W (Measured: 61W)
Diameter (max): 55mm
Length: 100mm
Tube Length: --
Bulb/Tube material: Wood's Glass
Colour Temperature: Unknown
Peak output wavelength: Broadband Emission - Attenuated between around 700nM and 400nM
Total light output: Unknown
Rated lifetime: Not Stated
Cap: B22
Operating voltage: 250V AC
Operating current: 247mA
Warmup/restrike time: N/A
Cost (original): 2.99 (2003)
Value (now): --
Place of manufacture: China
Date of manufacture: Unknown.  Assumed 2002-2003.
Lamp Status: Working
Notes: These things have been around for a long while.  To be honest, I cannot really see and purpose for their continued existence.  In every way they are out performed by linear/compact fluorescent "blacklights".

Due to the relatively low running temperatures of the filaments in common incandescent lamps, very, very little UV is actually produced.  To try to squeeze a little more UV from the filament, the companies which manufacture this type of lamp tend to overdrive the filament - making it run far hotter than normal.  This does provide more UV emission - but also has a huge impact on lamp life.  Generally these lamps have rated lifetimes of between 100 and 500 hours (rather than around 1000 for a standard incandescent lamp of the same rating).  Even then though, the lamp will be producing relatively little UV.  Some examples similar to this I have seen simply use a normal glass bulb and apply a deep violet coloured coating externally.  My example hasn't cheated to quite that extent, and does actually have a Wood's Glass bulb.  Wood's Glass is glass with a higher than usual concentration of nickel and iron oxide present, which causes it to be almost totally opaque to most visible light (apart from some deep red and violet), and any shortwave UV.  It does however allow longwave ultraviolet (UV-A) to pass through relatively unimpeded.

This lamp appears to be in the overdriven category - producing far more heat than you would expect from a 60W source (it actually managed to burn a patch in the paper in the few seconds it was on for me to get that photograph!), but despite that only crates a pitiful amount of UV.  Barely even managing to make the paper glow, and having really very little effect on fluorescent objects (being illuminated just as much by the visible emission than by fluorescence).  The colour of the glass also appears to be a little uneven - one side allowing through far more light than the other.  Varying from a fairly pale blue colour on one side to a much deeper violet on the other.  A single 5mm UV LED is more effective for providing a source for the purpose of making things fluoresce - and it'll run on 20mA at a few volts...rather than 250mA at 250V...We won't even bother comparing it to my main fluorescent blacklight (F15T8BLB fixture), as it's like comparing a unicycle to a Ferrari F-50.

For the above reasons, I really do not see that this lamp serves any practical application - but it is an example of lighting technology, and as such deserves a place in the collection. 

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Added to the Virtual Display Shelf at: 12:16 on Monday 26th September 2005.